Cursos / 1º Ciclo / Faculty of Economy and Business Management :: Economics

Versao Portuguesa


1º curricular year
Semestralidade: 2nd semester


Leading Teacher: Prof. Doutora Maria Cristina Cunha
Assistant Professor: Prof. Doutora Maria Cristina Cunha

Class type and School hours

Orientação Tutorial : 1 Horas
Teórico-prática : 2 Horas

Main Aims/Objectives

Understanding the specificity of social sciences compared to other sciences
Understanding the history of the development of Social Sciences
Understanding the social unit and the plurality of the Social Sciences

Specific Aims/Objectives

Understand and identify the specific perspectives of different social sciences
Understand and discuss the processes of rupture between scientific knowledge and common sense
Understanding the epistemological importance of interdisciplinarity in social analysis

Skills to be acquired

Understand the methodological advantages of the major theories and research techniques
Know the main stages of a research process
Develop a research project

Teaching Procedures

Classes debate
Preparation of personal papers


1. Social Sciences, a particular form of knowledge about the social
1.1 The construction of knowledge and social reality;
1.2 The social sciences give us a true scientific knowledge?
1.3 Scientific knowledge and common sense: the rupture process;
1.4 The issue of objectivity and subjectivity

2. A Social unit and the plurality of the Social Sciences
2.1 The historical process of the formation and development of the Social Sciences;
2.2 The Unity of the theoretical and social differentiation of different social sciences;
2.3 The piecemeal nature of the different and complementary perspectives on the social;
2.4 Interdisciplinarity as epistemological solution;
2.5 Classification of Social Sciences: advantages and limits of classification.

3 The Organization of Research
3.1 Purpose of research
3.2 Operational research instruments;
3.3 The main stages of research;
3.4 Levels of knowledge: descriptive, comprehensive and explanatory

4. Collection of Information: choice of methods and techniques.
4.1 Definition of method and technical research;
4.2 Classification of methods and techniques;
4.3 Outline of the main research techniques;
4.4 Advantages and limitations of the studies on the extent and / or depth: case studies, biographies, etc

5. Theoretical and methodological rails between Social Sciences
5.1 Main paradigms and theories;
a) A deterministic approach to the social;
b) The interactionist approach to social;
c) The functionalist perspeciva;
d) The Marxist perspective

5.2 Fundamental concepts in Social Sciences
a) socialization, integration, adaptation;
b) Institutions of socialization (family, school, groups, media, businesses, religions);
c) stratification, social status; roles; standards
d) Control and diversion;
e) Conflict and power in modern societies

6 Conclusion: the social architecture: New trends

Evaluation Type

Continuous assessment follows the parameters of the legislation and may need to be adjusted according to changes in that legislation or the guidelines of the University.

- Two continuous assessment tests;
- Elaboration of a mandatory work (individually or in groups up to 3 elements)
- Attendance, oral participation and interest in the discipline.

Teaching Resources

Bibliography and handouts provided by the teacher in the classroom; Power point.


Unit of society, interdisciplinary, research, objectivity, subjectivity

Main Bibliography

Author Nunes, Adérito Sedas
Title Questões preliminares sobre as Ciências Sociais
Edition 13ª
Place Lisboa
Editor Presencial
Year 2001
Author Quivy, Raymond e Campenhoudt, Luc Van
Title Manual de Investigação em Ciências Sociais
Place Porto
Editor Gradiva
Year 2008
Author Aron, Raymond
Title As Etapas do Pensamento Sociológico
Edition (8ª ed.). (Orig
Place Lisboa
Editor Dom Quixote
Year 2007

Complementary Bibliography

Author Ghiglione, R. e Matalon, B.
Title O Inquérito – teoria e Prática,