Cursos / 1º Ciclo / Faculty of Economy and Business Management :: Economics

Versao Portuguesa


1º curricular year
Semestralidade: 1st semester


Leading Teacher: Prof. Doutora Erika Laranjeira
Assistant Professor: Prof. Doutora Erika Laranjeira

Class type and School hours

Orientação Tutorial : 1 Horas
Teórico-prática : 2 Horas

Main Aims/Objectives

Through this course we intend to study how societies use scarce resources to produce goods with value, and how the societies distribute them among the various economic actors.

Specific Aims/Objectives

In concrete terms, students are intended to understand some basic principles and economic instruments, and implementing them in solving economic problems, specifically in the resolution of individual economic decision problems of market players.

Skills to be acquired

It is expected that students acquire the ability to: understand the concept of opportunity cost; understand the concept of social welfare; understand the theory of demand and supply; understand the consequences of state intervention on the market equilibrium; understand the role played by the price mechanism; understand the theory of economic agents as consumers; and understand the theory of economic agents as producers.

Teaching Procedures

In theoretical classes the exposed material is always accompanied by an illustration showing real cases. The tutorial classes are designed to clarify questions and do some exercises about the issues taught in the theoretical classes.


1. Basic Economic Concepts
1.1. Choice and Scarcity
1.2. Total Utility and Marginal Utility
1.3. Opportunity Cost
1.4. Reserve Price
1.5. The Ten Principles of Economics

2. Production Possibility Curve

3. Supply and Demand
3.1. Market Concept
3.2. Demand
3.3. Supply
3.4. Market Equilibrium
3.5. Market Instability
3.6. Elasticities

4. Supply, Demand and Government
4.1. Price Control
4.1.1. Minimum and Maximum price limits
4.2. Taxes and Subsidies

5. Supply, Demand and Efficiency
5.1. Consumer Surplus
5.2. Producer Surplus
5.3. Market Equilibrium and Efficiency
5.4. Market Efficiency and Economic Policy
5.4.1. Market efficiency and price control
5.4.2. Market efficiency and taxes

6. Consumer Theory
6.1. Consumer Preferences
6.2. Budgetary restrictions
6.3. Consumer Optimal Choice
6.3.1. Optimal choice
6.3.2. Change in price
6.3.3. Change in income
6.3.4. Total price effect

Evaluation Type

Two tests.

Teaching Resources

Materials provided in classes.



Main Bibliography

Author MANKIW, Gregory
Title Principles of Microeconomics
Edition 8ª Ed.
Place EUA
Editor Cengage
Year 2017
Author BESANKO, David ; BRAEUTIGAM, Ronald
Title Microeconomics
Edition 5ª Ed.
Place EUA
Editor John Wiley & Sons Inc.
Year 2014
Author LIPSEY, Richard; CHRYSTAL, Alec
Title Economics
Edition 13ª Ed.
Place EUA
Editor Oxford University Press
Year 2015

Complementary Bibliography

Author SAMUELSON, Paul; NORDHAUS, William
Title Economia
Edition 19º Ed.
Place Lisboa
Editor Macgraw Hill
Year 2011