Cursos / 1º Ciclo / Faculty of Architecture and Arts :: Architecture ( Integrated Master)

Versao Portuguesa

ERGONOMIA - 2018/2019

2º curricular year
Semestralidade: 1st semester
ECTS: 2

Teachers

Leading Teacher: Prof. Doutor Alberto Estima

Class type and School hours

Teórico-prática : 2 Horas

Main Aims/Objectives

The course aims to create knowledge and understanding of the interactions between humans and their environment, equipment and space elements with which it maintains a constant "dialogue" generator of detectable or measurable effects.

It also intends to value Man in its spatial context and in its habitat, privileging the physical and psychic characteristics of the human being.

Specific Aims/Objectives

- Questioning how can architects and designers influence the way we live and work in our cities, making them more inclusive and sustainable.

- Understand the importance of Ergonomics and Anthropometry in the adequacy of the spaces where everyday activities are based on all age groups of users.

Skills to be acquired

Students should be able to perceive the relationship of man with the built environment, in particular regarding:
- Dimensional and anthropometric aspects;
- Functional, ergonomic aspects;
- Perceptual and psychological effects of human experience of built space.

These competences form the basis of Architecture and, therefore, of the curricular unit Architecture II.

Teaching Procedures

Expository method: using various materials, enabling the transmission of knowledge in a structured and continuous manner. Interrogative method: systematically questioning the students.
Active method: the students must take the problem solving initiative in order to allow better consolidation of acquired knowledge.

Programme

1. ERGONOMICS - HISTORY OF A COURSE OF ACTION FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF LIFE/WORKING CONDITIONS
  1.1 - Ergonomics:
       - Concept and scope,
  1.2 - History of ergonomics - the four major phases:
       - Anthropometric Ergonomics
     - Informational Ergonomics
       - Systems Ergonomics, and
       - Heuristic Ergonomics.
  1.3 - Ergonomics applied to the Architecture.

2. DOMAINS OF INTERVENTION AND ERGONOMIC DESIGN METHODOLOGIES:
   2.1- American Ideology and European Ideology, task analysis and activity analysis, two inseparable sides of the job analysis,
   2.2 - multidisciplinary and participatory project.

3. HUMAN DIMENSION / ANTHROPOMETRY
   3.1-Morphological factors:
     - Structure of the human body,
     - Physical development,
     - Somatic constitution,
     - Individual differences,
     - Percentiles.
    3.2 - Human Dimension / Applied Anthropometry:
     - Concept, criteria for projects based on anthropometry,
     - Criteria for using anthropometric tables,
     - Volumes and body ranges,
     - The hidden dimensions,
     - Anthropometry applied to Architecture.
     
4. Physiological factors
      4.1 - Occupational Biomechanics:
    - Static and dynamic work,
    - Postures and body movements,
    - Application of forces,
    - Body / mechanical system of levers,
    - Lifting and carrying loads,
    - Management and controls and
    - Design of management systems.

 5. CONSTRUCTED SPACE
      - Lighting;
      - Temperature;
      - Noise;
      - Vibrations.

Evaluation Type

The evaluation is performed according to:
- General Regulations Assessment of Knowledge and Skills of Lusíada Universities;
- Specific Rules of the Faculty of Architecture and Art for their courses.

In this sense, the continuous evaluation of the curricular unit will be carried out through two written points that reflect the learning of the contents, plus the frequency at the end of the semester.

Teaching Resources

1. Presentation of theoretical research and projects on the respective programmatic content;

2. Display of documentaries related to current topics and considered relevant to the student´s academic background.

Keywords

Ergonomics,
Anthropometry,
Biomechanics,
Proxemics;
Enjoyment.

Main Bibliography

Author LIDA, Itiro
Title Ergonomia: Projeto e Produção
Edition 8ª ed.
Place São Paulo
Editor Edgar Blucher Lda
Year 2002
Author LITTLEFIELD, David
Title Metric Hand-Book - Planning and Design Data
Edition 3nd ed.
Place London
Editor The Architectural Press
Year 2008
Author BRIDGER, R.S.
Title Introduction to ergonomics
Edition 2nd ed.
Place London
Editor Taylor & Francis
Year 2003

Complementary Bibliography

Author GAVRIEL, Salvendy
Title Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics
Edition 3ª ed.
Place New York
Editor John Wiley & Sons
Year 2005
Author PANERO, Julius; ZELNIK, Martin
Title Dimensionamento Humano para Espaços Interiores.